How To Defend A Badminton Smash: Mastering Badminton Defense

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Last Updated on 01/06/2023 by Kriss

In the exhilarating and dynamic world of badminton, a solid defense is as crucial as a powerful offense. The ability to effectively defend against smashes – the most potent and aggressive shots in the game – can often be the difference between a triumphant victory and a crushing defeat. This guide will equip you with the knowledge, techniques, and strategies to significantly enhance your badminton defense skills, particularly in defending against smashes.

The Importance of Defense in Badminton

In badminton, a robust defense is not just a shield; it’s a weapon. It not only protects you from losing points but also exerts immense pressure on your opponent. This pressure often leads them to commit errors, providing you with opportunities to seize control of the game. The cornerstone of a strong defense is the ability to anticipate your opponent’s moves and effectively respond to their smashes.

Anticipating the Smash

Anticipation is a critical skill in badminton defense. It’s about reading your opponent’s body language, understanding the game’s rhythm, and predicting their next move. When you send the shuttle high into your opponent’s court, be prepared for a smash. This anticipation allows you to quickly switch to a defensive stance, ready to counter any powerful shots. It’s a game of chess played at lightning speed, where your ability to think ahead can give you a significant advantage.

The Defensive Stance: Be Ready For The Smash

The defensive stance is your fortress against smashes. It’s a position of readiness, agility, and balance. Position yourself slightly behind the center of the court, giving you ample time to react to the direction of the smash. In doubles you will usually stand next to your partner – each of you covering a side of the court. Your body should be low, your feet wide and your knees should be slightly bent. This low stance increases your stability and allows you to react quickly and move to each side.

Keep your chest wide and lower back straight. This posture not only improves your balance but also reduces the risk of injuries. Your racket arm should be in front of you, ready to respond swiftly to the incoming smash. Your non-racket arm should be active as well, aiding in balance and preparation for the next shot.

You can check out the starting position in this video. We’ve already marked the correct timestamp.

The Right Grip for Defending Smashes

In general, you should use a backhand grip when defending against smashes. This grip allows for a quicker response time and better control over the shuttle’s direction. To adopt a backhand grip, the thumb should be positioned against the wide surface of the grip, providing support and control. The other fingers should wrap around the handle.

Backhand grip
Backhand grip

The backhand grip gives you the most coverage, but when the smash comes too far into your forehand side you will need to change the grip. A tight grip can slow down this switch and limit your wrist movement, so keep your grip relaxed.

Handling the Smash

When the smash comes, stay focused and relaxed. Tension can lead to errors, so it’s essential to maintain a calm demeanor. Stand firm in your defensive stance and do not fear the shuttle. Remember, it’s just a feathered projectile; it won’t hurt you.

Ideally – your defense will be sharp and well-placed so that it will convert your defense into offense. If your opponent is late to the shuttle his response will also be weak. Some players tend to smash too often and also smash when they are not in an ideal position. A good defense can straight-up win you the point in this case. If the smash is very strong, your defense is weak or you are late to the shuttle – it is best to lift the shuttle high to the back-court. This will give your opponent another chance to attack but it also gives you time to recover and position yourself again.

If your opponent does a drop smash it is best to defend it with a parallel net shot. If you are late to the shuttle or not so confident – lift it high.

Practising and Improving Smash Defense

Improving your smash defense is a process that requires consistent practice and strategic training. Here are some methods to help you enhance your defensive skills against smashes.

Firstly, drills are an excellent way to practice. You can perform classic drills where your training partner or coach consistently smashes towards you, and you lift the shuttle back to them. This will help you get used to the speed and trajectory of smashes, improving your reaction time and accuracy. If you want to practice net shots or drive defense you can simply defend the smash and your partner also does a net shot in response. After that, you can lift again and prepare for the next smash of your partner.

Some drills to improve your smash.

Secondly, footwork exercises can significantly enhance your agility and speed on the court, both of which are crucial for effective smash defense. Practice moving swiftly from the center of the court to the sides and back, maintaining your balance and readiness to return a smash.

Thirdly, work on your grip transitions. As mentioned earlier, the ability to switch quickly between forehand and backhand grips is essential for defending smashes. Practice this transition until it becomes second nature.

Lastly, mental preparation is just as important as physical training. Visualize different game scenarios, anticipate your opponent’s smashes, and plan your responses. This mental rehearsal can significantly improve your in-game decision-making and reaction time.

Remember, improvement comes with time and consistent effort. Keep practicing, stay patient, and gradually, you’ll see a noticeable improvement in your smash defense.


Defending a badminton smash is a skill that requires practice, patience, and strategic thinking. But with the right techniques, mindset, and a lot of practice, you can transform your defense into a powerful part of your badminton arsenal. Remember, in badminton, a good defense is often the best offense. So, step onto the court, stand your ground, and let your defense speak for itself.

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